BLOOD RECOVERY:CELL SAVING
During major spine surgery a patient will always have a certain
amount of blood loss. To compensate for this, matched donor blood
– blood donated by people who are strangers to the patient, at the
blood bank - would be given to the patient. Unfortunately in the
society we live in today, donor blood has become less accessible
and virus free blood cannot be totally guaranteed.
To compensate for this, a system known as
cell saving has been developed to fill the gap, whereby the patient’s
own blood is transfused (given via an intravenous ‘drip’) back to
him/her during or after surgery.
How does it work?
The principle involved is simple: Blood
is thicker than water.
During surgery the
patient’s blood is collected in a collection reservoir. The blood
is filtered so as to prevent any debris contaminating the blood.
3. An anti-coagulant
is added to the collected blood to prevent it from clotting.
4. The collected blood
is then processed by means of a centrifuge. Figure 2. (During this
phase the red cells are separated from the rest of the material
collected from the patient).
After the separation
the red cells are then washed Figure 3. Dead red cells - cells that
can no longer carry oxygen, are washed out, as well as the anti-coagulant
the wash cycle has been completed, the compacted red cells are returned
into a collection bag for re-infusion into the patient. Figure 4.
is an approved method of returning blood to a patient who is a Jehovah’s
Witness. The only difference being is that the whole setup is done
prior to surgery and the patient is connected directly to the collection
bag, thus ensuring that the blood cycle is never broken.
must always be taken as with any procedure, but it is safe to return
the patient’s blood as long as the wash protocol for the cancer
patient is followed.
Is the blood safe and infection free?
because the blood is processed in the operating theatre in a closed
system, there is no chance for the blood to be contaminated from
the outside. The only contamination may come from the patients themselves,
but this is very rare, so the blood is safe.
Who performs the service?
qualified Perfusionist registered with the Medical Council operates
the cell saver. They have had special training in the management
of blood and the operation of the Cellsaver machine itself.
How do I arrange for cell saving?
your surgeon, he/she will have all the information necessary
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